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What is Myopia Control

What is myopia?

Myopia, or near-sightedness, is when your eyes do not focus light correctly on the retina. The eyeball is long so the light focuses in front of the retina.

What are some risk factors for myopia progression?

  • Genetics: Parents having myopic prescription increases the chances of children developing a myopia earlier on 
  • Age of onset: If your child started wearing glasses at an earlier age, there are chances of progression 
  • Less time spent outdoors: Research shows that outdoor time is important for eyehealth. Less time spent outdoors can also be a factor in myopic progression 
  • More screen time: With COVID, increased screen time on digital screens such as iPads, phones, and other devices has resulted in increased progression of glasses prescription 
  • Asian ethnicity

Why is myopia concerning?

As myopia progresses, the eyeball becomes longer. This can result in serious complications such as: 

  • Glaucoma 
  • Cataracts 
  • Retinal Detachment 
  • Maculopathy

These conditions can impact visual outcomes for patients in long term. 

Treatments

  • Atropine: Low concentration atropine can help slow down the progression of myopia with relatively few side effects such as light sensitivity and blurred vision up-close. 
  • Soft Contact Lenses Uniquely designed multifocal, daily disposable contact lenses that reduce peripheral defocus and slow down myopia progression.
  • Orthokeratology: These overnight rigid gas permeable contact lenses gently reshape the cornea overnight. They are removed upon awakening and result in clear vision without the need for glasses or contact lenses.
  • Myopia Control Glasses: Specific spectacle lens designs are available that slow down myopia progression and axial length elongation.

If your child’s eyeglasses prescription keeps increasing and you are concerned, contact us at 905-363-1140 for a myopia management consultation.